MASTER PLAN DELHI 2021
Delhi MPD 2021 expects strong growth for next years.Delhi boasts immense importance for India. Besides being the Capital City of world’s largest democracy, it also proves the biggest center for socio-economic and political activities in the country. Due to strong economic growth rate, population of Delhi has increased tenfold for last six decades. Immigration from other states of the country is the main reason for making it one of the most populous towns across the globe. DDA (Delhi Development Authority) was incorporated in the year of 1957 to look after the home needs of growing population, provide good facilities and generating new space. In pursuit of this goal, authority introduced first 20-year Master Plan for Delhi in 1962. However, it changed to the large extent to cover up the period up to 2001 (MPD-2001). Currently, DDA is working and focusing on the Master Plan Delhi 2021 (MPD-2021).
Existing policies and amenities of authority are not proving sufficient to cater the growing needs of the people. As a matter of fact, almost all facilities including housing, roads, sewerage, water, transportation, power and many others requires significant boost to meet the expectations. According to the detailed reports, present infrastructure can serve a maximum of 1.5 crore people.
Obviously, population of Delhi rise with the future so it is quite clear that additional amenities are inevitable. According to the surveys, population will touch the mark of 2.3 crore by 2021 from 1.7 crore in 2011 translating into a CAGR of 3.1%. So, it is clear that city needs more space to accommodate more than 80 lakh people.
Government has allocated INR 90,000 crore in the 12th Five Year Plan (2012–2017) in order to maintain and developing excellent infrastructure in Capital City-Delhi. Money allocated this time is significantly higher from INR 54,800 crore from 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012). Main areas of focus will be transport, water supply, medical, sanitation and education sectors.Large size residential area is inevitable
The most import issue in meeting the future needs is to generating more residential space so that every person can find the safe & hygienic place to live confidently. Experts opine that around 20,000–24,000 hectare land essentially has to be developed by 2021 to deal with the tough challenges of living space.
One of the foremost problems in finding the right solution is lack of financial resources and the overhauling of existing rules and regulations. Additionally, complex procedures make it difficult to allow private sector to contribute for the solution. MPD-2021 largely focuses on public-private-partnership policy. According to this, private sector builders and real estate giants will help for land acquisition and development. You essentially need to know that in order to make this procedure simpler, DDA has made essential changes in this system.
New land pooling policy of DDA allows developers to directly acquire land from farmers or owners by means of partnership instead of forceful acquisition. Land pooling policy is a kind of system according to which small holdings are pooled together and a part of the pooled land is used for developing physical-social infrastructure. Rest of the land is given back to the owners with development rights.
This policy has potential to lead to 4,357 million square feet of development across residential/commercial/public/and semi-public categories by means of private participation. Eventually, private builders can built about 1.45 million new homes in upcoming decade while developing commercial spaces alongside.
So far, Indian Government has successfully executed above described land pooling policy in several states. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Kerala are the best examples to measure the success of this planning.
Delhi introduced first land policy in the year of 1961. But, the change in policy was felt to meet the growing demands of increasing population. All these changes are taking place to bring transparency in acquisition procedure and satisfy landowners while giving compensation according to the market value. Significant increase in price also acted as catalyst to change the policies. Actually, DDA does not have enough financial back up to pay that big price in order to complete the acquisition in a fair way. All these elements combine together to compel authority to come up with a new system so that interests of all landowners, developers, stakeholders, society and private players could be met perfectly.